Stem Cells Transplantation
Stem cells transplantation, also known as hematopoietic stem cells transplantation (HSCT), is a medical procedure that involves the transplantation of stem cells to replace damaged or diseased cells in the body. The use of gene editing technologies such as CRISPR/Cas9 to modify stem cells before transplantation has shown promise in treating genetic disorders such as sickle cell anemia.
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a type of adult stem cell that can differentiate into a variety of cell types, including bone, cartilage, and fat. Recent studies have shown that MSCs can also modulate the immune system, making them a potential treatment option for autoimmune diseases. Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are adult cells that have been reprogrammed to become stem cells. Recent research has focused on using iPSCs to develop personalized treatments for diseases such as Parkinson's and diabetes.
Umbilical cord blood contains stem cells that can be used to treat a variety of diseases, including leukemia and other blood disorders. Recent advances in cord blood banking and transplantation techniques have made this procedure more widely available. Tissue engineering involves the use of stem cells to create new tissues and organs. Recent research has focused on using stem cells to develop functional organs such as the heart, liver, and kidneys.
- Transplantation Medicine
- Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
- Cellular Therapy
- Regenerative Medicine