Hematology, also well known as “haematology” is the branch of medicine which is concerned with the study, diagnosis, therapy, prevention and also the extent of disease control related to blood. Hematology also includes the study of aetiology. It involves the treatment of diseases which usually affect the production of blood and its components which includes blood cells (RBC, WBC, etc…), hemoglobin, blood proteins, bone marrow, platelets, blood vessels, spleen and also the mechanism of coagulation. The kinds of diseases or disorders of blood include hemophilia, blood clots, thalassemia, other bleeding disorders and mostly blood cancers such as leukaemia, myeloma, and lymphoma. The laboratory work related with the study of blood is frequently performed by a medical technologist or medical laboratory scientists. The leucocytes are multipotent cells in bone marrow and have life span of 3-4 days, the yellow blood cells are called as thrombocytes which are small and irregular in shape having life span of 5-9 days which are mostly seen in mammals and help in blood clotting. The process of blood clotting is done due to the presence of fibrin which is a non-globular protein and the process of clotting is known as thrombosis which in abnormal cases lead to heart attack, stroke, blockage of blood in arms and legs, etc. The number of cells in the body can be detected by C.B.C, known as complete blood count, the high and low amount of cells will lead to many diseases.
Decreased R.B.C count in the body leads to anemia which results in weakness, fatigue, breathing problem and person will be noticeably pale. Increased R.B.C count in the body causes polycythemia which can be measured through hematocrit level. Hematopoiesis is defined as the formation, development and proliferation of blood and its cellular components and these cells are derived from hematopoiesis stem cells.
- Track 1-1 Malignant Haematology and Thrombosis
- Track 2-2 Stem Cell Research and Hematology
- Track 3-3 Blood and its Components
- Track 4-4 Complete Blood Count
- Track 5-5 Hematology Research
- Track 6-6 Blood Disorders
- Track 7-7 Different Types of Blood Disease
- Track 8-8 Etiology